What does CRISPR stand for?
What is the next step in CRISPR gene editing?
- After that, the next step in CRISPR gene editing is usually to alter that piece of DNA. However, CRISPR has also been adapted to do other things too, such as turning genes on or off without altering their sequence.
What can you do with CRISPR/Cas9?
- “You can just point it at a place in the genome and you can do anything you want at that spot.” At first, that meant anything that involved cutting DNA. CRISPR/Cas9 in its original form is a homing device (the CRISPR part) that guides molecular scissors (the Cas9 enzyme) to a target section of DNA.
What are CRISPR spacers and how do they work?
- In effect, the spacers are fragments of DNA gathered from viruses that previously tried to attack the cell. The source of the spacers was a sign that the CRISPR/ cas system could have a role in adaptive immunity in bacteria.
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